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Cryopreservation of Mouse Embryos by Ethylene Glycol-Based Vitrification
JoVE 3155 11/18/2011

July 2014 Visualizing the neuronal activity-regulated gene Arc


Title201407

Visualizing the neuronal activity-regulated gene Arc

C57BL/6-Tg(Arc-EGFP/Arc)3Hbto/HbtoRbrc (RBRC06086)

201407Courtesy of Haruhiko Bito, M.D., Ph.D.

Neuronal activity-regulated induction of EGFP-Arc in the hippocampus

Fluorescence images taken from the hippocampus of a transgenic (Tg) mouse kept in a home cage (left panel, naïve) or a Tg mouse that received an electro-convulsive shock 3 hours earlier (right panel, ECS).  The framed areas in the upper panels are expanded and shown in the lower panels.

 

Activity-dependent gene expression and protein synthesis in mature neurons are required for long-term memory formation.  In particular, Arc (also called Arg3.1) has emerged recently as an attractive candidate of cognitive function-related gene products whose induction correlates with physiological neuronal activity.  In the postsynaptic density, Arc protein regulates the surface expression of AMPA-type glutamate receptors at excitatory synapses [1].  This function is implicated in several forms of protein translation-dependent synaptic long-term depression and homeostatic plasticity/synaptic scaling.  To examine Arc dynamics in living neurons, the expression of a monomeric EGFP-tagged Arc was driven under the control of the 7 kb Arc promoter [2, 3].  Neuronal activity-triggered Arc protein was found to  rather accumulate in synapses with low activity, and thus may play a role in an ‘‘inverse” tagging process, to prevent the undesired enhancement of weak synapses in potentiated neurons [3].  Genomic mutations in the Arc gene were recently proposed to be associated with several neurological and psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia [4].
Depositor : Haruhiko Bito, M.D., Ph.D.
Department of Neurochemistry
The University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine
Strain name : C57BL/6-Tg(Arc-EGFP/Arc)3Hbto/HbtoRbrc
RBRC No. : RBRC06086
References : [1] Chowdhury S, Shepherd JD, Okuno H, Lyford G, Petralia RS, Plath N, Kuhl D, Huganir RL, Worley PF. Arc/Arg3.1 interacts with the endocytic machinery to regulate AMPA receptor trafficking.  Neuron; 52:445-459, 2006.
[2] Kawashima T, Okuno H, Nonaka M, Adachi-Morishima A, Kyo N, Okamura M, Takemoto-Kimura S, Worley PF, Bito H. Synaptic activity-responsive element in the Arc/Arg3.1 promoter essential for synapse-to-nucleus signaling in activated neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.; 106(1):316-321, 2009.
[3] Okuno H, Akashi K, Ishii Y, Yagishita-Kyo N, Suzuki K, Nonaka M, Kawashima T, Fujii H, Takemoto-Kimura S, Abe M, Natsume R, Chowdhury S, Sakimura K, Worley PF, Bito H. Inverse synaptic tagging of inactive synapses via dynamic interaction of Arc/Arg3.1 with CaMKIIβ. Cell; 149(4):886-898, 2012.
[4] Fromer M, Pocklington AJ, Kavanagh DH, et al., De novo mutations in schizophrenia implicate synaptic networks. Nature; 506(7487):179-184, 2014.

 

July 2014
Contact: Shinya Ayabe, Ph.D.
Experimental Animal Division, RIKEN BioResource Center
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